Covid-19 Update: Vaccines


Emma Bibb and Drake Eaves

In March of 2020, the World Health Organization declared Covid-19 a global pandemic. It has been almost a year since Covid-19 has plagued the world. In December of 2020 the first Covid Vaccine was given to an intensive care nurse in New York, Sandra Lindsay. As time has moved along we used the results that came from that vaccine to develop 2 different types that would be more potent in stopping the virus and curing those who are infected.

 The first type of vaccine is the Pfizer vaccine, it contains 2 shots and they are 21 days apart. The second type of vaccine is the Moderna vaccine, it also contains 2 shots but is 28 days apart. They are both consistent with mRNA and distributed in the upper muscle part of the arm. The side effects for the vaccine vary for each person who takes it but consist of: pain, swelling, and redness in the area of the shot. Throughout the rest of your body there may be chills, headaches, and drowsiness. These effects are normal with vaccines like this as it is still in the process of being determined as a fully effective vaccine for the virus. People who should get vaccinated are people 16 and older. People who shouldn’t get vaccinated are people who have any allergies to any ingredients in the vaccine or have a weak immune system that can’t handle the vaccine itself. The vaccine has a 95% chance of working. The test trials included 50.6% male and 49.4% female. 

 There are currently 3 priority phases: 1A, 1B, and 1C. In phase 1A, workers are prioritizing health care workers such as: doctors, nurses, and people in direct contact with covid. In phase 1B, workers are prioritizing: senior citizens (75 and older), people 65 – 74 with 2 or more high risk medical conditions, patients/people living in congregate settings (group homes, treatment centers, etc.), child care workers, and school staff. Lastly, phase 1C will prioritize: national guard, food handlers, police officers, manufacturers relating to the vaccine, other health workers not included in phase 1A, public transit employees (uber, taxi, bus drivers, etc.), ages 16 – 64 with high risk medical conditions, and blood bank workers. 

 As for the safety of the vaccine, millions of people have received it and lived which as a result the FDA has approved it. The vaccines have undergone intensive safety checks to make sure nothing was wrong. These results are effective and reassuring although there are the side effects previously stated. A small number of people have undergone a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Although this is extremely rare, health care workers on the site do have medications to treat this right away. To ensure the safety of others there are clinical trials being conducted to gather data on the vaccine and the results hence the distribution of the vaccine is taking longer than expected. Sadly we won’t be taking our masks off yet Skyhawks.